The terrorist attack in New Zealand has an offline and an online dimension and it is crucial that we take this online/offline nexus on board when analyzing contemporary white terrorism. says Ico Maly (Tilburg University).
In the democratization paradigm the focus is on the question to what extent media institutions are free from state intervention. In this column, Mingyi Hou questions the usefulness of this paradigm to explain why Chinese public intellectuals seem to be disappearing.
Otaku is a subculture that originated in Japan. It later spread internationally because of globalization. As a consequence, internet communities of otaku grew. There are sometimes converging, other times diverging features.
The public sphere has been controlled by humans for years, but in the last decade, there has been a shift from human gatekeepers to algorithmic ones. This essay describes the consequences this algorithmic culture has for the public sphere.