The DIY philosophy the state promotes for those who want to integrate in Dutch society has resulted in a 50% decrease in those who pass the exams in the regular timeframe. What has the policy's role been in this?
Australia has seen Hanson call Islam a disease and belittle Asians for not assimilating and forming ghettos instead. In this essay, Bin Chen looks into the xenophobic discourse Hanson used on ethnic minorities in Australia.
There is an ongoing trend for European nation states to use their own nationãl language to determine what it means to be "one of us". A close look at relevant policies can reveal what a "language threshold" really means.
Eurpean nations are using their own nation language as the threshold to define what it means to be “one of us”. Relevant language policies in integration tests are far from embracing multiculturalism, but ones that feed intolerance and prejudice.
The Brexit, followed by election of Donald Trump in the US , have raised worldwide concerns about the rise of right wing extremism. The phenomenon is, however, 25 years old in Belgium. Lessons can be drawn from that longitudinal experience.