Actor-Network Theory (ANT)

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Actor-Network Theory is a theoretical and methodological approach that sees all social phenomena as the product of network interactions. It is unique in that it recognizes both objects and technologies as network nodes equal with human actants.

Algorithmic activism

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Algorithmic activism, when intentional, presupposes that the activists not only subscribe to the message they interact with, but also understand the affordances and the algorithmic construction of the medium.

Algorithmic culture

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Algorithmic culture refers to the ways in which the logic of big data and large scale computation (including algorithms) alters they culture is practiced, experienced and understood.

Algorithmic populism

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Algorithmic populism refers to a new manifestation and form of populism in the digital age in which politicians use algorithms to construct, claim and redistribute the idea that they are articulating the voice of the people.

Arts

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Arts is originally related to art and as such refers to a skill and to creativity.

Choreography of assembly

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Choreography of assembly (Gerbaudo, 2014) refers to 'the mediated 'scene-setting' and 'scripting' of people's physical assembling in public space' as a key-ingrediënt of 21st century social movements.

Chronotope

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A chronotope, as defined by Bakhtin, is a specific spacetime context enabling a plot, characters, and rules for action and meaning.

Coevalness

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The term coevalness refers to sharing the same timeframe. Much like 'medieval' refers to the middle ages, co-eval refers to a shared age.

Cultural Heritage

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Cultural heritage is a “social and political construct encompassing all those places, artefacts and cultural expressions inherited from the past which, because they are seen to reflect and validate our identity as nations, communities, families and even individuals, are worthy of some form of respect and protection.”

Culture

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Culture is shorthand for the stuff that makes human interactions meaningful and comprehensible.

Digital culture

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Digital culture refers to culture shaped by the emergence and use of digital technologies.

Digital ethnography

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Digital ethnography is a specific approach to research ‘on online practices and communications, and on offline practices shaped by digitalisation’

Diglossia

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‘Diglossia’ is a concept coined by Ferguson (1959) and refers to a situation in which one language is spoken in domestic domains and another language is spoken in public domains.

Discourse

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Discourse can be seen as language-in-action, something that is effectively used in communication.

ELLA 2.0

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ELLA stands for "Ethnographic Linguistic Landscape Analysis", and 2.0 points to the fact that offline signs are followed through to their online dimensions. ELLA 2.0 is, thus, online-offline Ethnographic Linguistic Landscape Analysis.

Enoughness

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Enoughness is a theory of contemporary identity that states that identities are constructed out of a particular portion ("enough") of emblematic identity features.

Ethnography

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Ethnography can be defined as the small-scale study of human behavior through "clinical" observation and intersubjective participation.

Filter Bubble

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The filter bubble is a personal ecosystem of information that's been catered by algorithms.

Finstagram (finsta)

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Finstagram refers to the creation of Fake Instagram accounts to post content one would not post under one's real name.

Formats

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Formats are recognizably patterned forms of behavior, subject to norms and judged accordingly by others.

Frame

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A frame is a set of meaningful signs connected to specific types of social action. Together they create a 'logic' of action and make the action understandable for those involved in it.

Globalization

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Globalization refers to the process of increasing interconnectedness between different parts of the world, creating global modes of organization and conduct. 

Hegemony

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Hegemony refers to the dominance of certain ideas, images, discourses and ideologies, either generally or in specific domains.

Hidden transcipts

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Hidden transcripts is a concept often used in discussions of power and resistance, and it refers to forms of resistance and dissent that are kept out of sight for those in power.

Hybrid media system

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The hybrid media system highlights that different types of media not only co-exist, but form a system that evolves through mutual (inter)actions among older and newer media logics.

Identity

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Identity refers to various aspects of how we see ourselves, how we show ourselves to others, and how we perceive others.

Ideology

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Ideology is any set of socially structured ideas guiding behavior and thought in particular domains of life.

Indexicality

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Meaning that emerges out of text-context relations. Apart from (often) having a denotational meaning, linguistic and other signs are indexical in that they suggest metapragmatic, metalinguistic, metadiscursive features of meaning. Thus, an utterance may indexically invoke social norms, roles, identities.

Intertextuality

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Intertextuality occurs whenever we observe material from one text occur in other texts, explicitly as well as implicitly.

Jeugdliteratuur

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Jeugdliteratuur is literatuur die vaak speciaal voor kinderen is geschreven.

Linguicism

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Linguicism is language discrimination or language racism, the discrimination of speakers of a certain language.

Linguistic landscape

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Linguistic landscape is an object of sociolinguistic analysis and comprises publicly visible language samples displayed in a certain area.

Literature

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Literature is a lively and complex negotiation of text, author, reader and society.

Memes

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Memes are “a group of digital items sharing common characteristics of content, form; created with awareness of each other; circulated, imitated and transformed via the internet by many” (Phillips, 2016).

Metapolitics

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Metapolitics started from the idea of ‘the primacy of culture over politics as the premise to a revolution in the spirit of ‘right-wing Gramscism’ (Griffin, 2000).

Micro-celebrity

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One who gains a significant following through digital media.

Micro-hegemonies

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Micro-hegemonies (also written as microhegemonies) is a term developed to describe the multiple sets of norms that govern the details of social life.

Micro-population

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Micro-populations are the material expression of temporary and emerging micro-hegemonies. They group people together by their ‘style’, by the places where they hang out and the places where you can’t find them.

Multimodal Discourse Analysis

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Multimodal discourse analysis is a method that takes into account multiple modes of communication and how they interact with one another.

Orientalism

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Orientalism refers to a long tradition of Western representations of the Orient as exotic and 'non-coeval' with the West.

Post - digital

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Post-digital refers to the social, cultural and technical condition that followed the digital revolution.

Public Sphere

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The public sphere is the realm of communication and debate that came to life with the emergence of mass communication in the form of a relatively small-scale and independent press in the 18th and 19th century.

Shitposting

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The act of posting memes, photos, tweets or other social media content, often in response to earlier posts, that does not have any relation to the post they refer to.

Social Media Celebrity

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Social media celebrities are highly visible media figures whose fame is native to social media platforms.

Superdiversity

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Superdiversity (also written as super-diversity) refers to two major changes occurring across the world after the end of the Cold War: (a) new patterns of migration causing demographc changes, and (b) the emerging internet and its generalized spread, influencing all aspects of social, cultural and economic life.

Surveillance capitalism

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Surveillance capitalism is an economic order and logic that claims human experience and behavior as free raw material for commercial practices of extraction, prediction, and sales.

Troll

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The troll is a person "whose real intention(s) is/are to cause disruption and/or to trigger or exacerbate conflict for the purposes of their own amusement"

Virality

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The spreading of digital content, such as images, videos, or links, in a short period of time through online media such as Social Networking Sites (SNSs) and electronic mail,  shared by a large number of people.