ELLA stands for "Ethnographic Linguistic Landscape Analysis", and 2.0 points to the fact that offline signs are followed through to their online dimensions. ELLA 2.0 is, thus, online-offline Ethnographic Linguistic Landscape Analysis.
Bullfights are allowed again in Spain, even in Catalonia. In the Spanish city of Murcia, Sjaak Kroon discovered some traces of veganarchistic resistance against this example of Spanish cultural heritage.
Offline linguistic landscapes hide a lot that only becomes overt when one traces these landscapes to their online extensions. It is by this move that we begin to get a grasp of the real complexity of "local" phenomena in a superdiverse world.
A recent South African court ruling ended the requirement to give notification to the authorities before setting up protest actions. Ana Deumert agrees and in this column she reflects on the right to protest as central to democratic citizenship.
This paper aims to explore the linguistic landscape of Twitch.tv. Three different emotes taken from three streams are analysed. The results indicate that the usage of these emotes is universal; that they are highly mobile and complex.