They catch our attention, waste time, and bombard us with clickbaity titles whenever we scroll social media: junk and fake news are significant problems of today's internet. This article shows how they can be used to spread propaganda.
Is it 'fake news', junk news, misinformation, malinformation, or disinformation? This column is going to sum up the ways in which we can critically evaluate and distinguish the types of misleading information on our (social) media timelines.
The hybrid media system is a concept introduced by communication scholar Chadwick (2017) to highlight that different types of media not only co-exist, but form a system that evolves through mutual (inter)actions among older and newer media logics. In this file we show how different actors use that system for political and other goals.
This paper analyzes the media storm around hydroxychloroquine as a potential COVID-19 treatment through the lens of Golebiewski and boyd's concept of data voids (2018) and Venturini's concept of 'junk news' (2019).
This article unravels various definitions of fake news and situates it within a context of hybrid media, politics and democracy. Fake news can be overwhelming. I aim to bring a little bit of order into the chaotic world of fake news.
The coronavirus has devastating consequences for social life in all corners of the world. For some, this global pandemic is an opportunity to reach a wide audience, to make money or to further a political agenda.